The urge for development is embedded in the veins of human beings. We all want to improve our condition, we all want to thrive but development often comes at a cost. When it is about the development of nations, generally, the poor nation pays the cost of development for the rich nations. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) also known as Global Goals are a set of 17 goals adopted by the United Nations in 2015 to ensure sustainable global development and prosperity for all the countries of the world leaving no country to suffer. If implemented properly, SDGs can make the world a better place for everyone. Here, we have discussed how the first two SDGs – NO POVERTY and ZERO HUNGER, can change the whole landscape of the current world.
GOAL-1: NO POVERTY
The first SDG is associated with removing extreme poverty from the face of the world. People living on less than $1.25 are considered extremely poor. The Sustainable Development Goal-1 expects that at least half of the people would be above the poverty line defined by the governments of the country they live in. It further expects that nations would build resilience to shield the poor from exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic social and environmental shocks. It imposes importance on ensuring the mobilization of resources. It also urges policymakers throughout the globe to frame policies based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies. The key targets of SDG-1 are –
1.1 Eradication of extreme poverty
1.2 Reduction of poverty by at least 50 percent
1.3 Implementation of nationally appropriate social protection systems
1.4 Ensuring the equal right to ownership, basic services, technology, and economic resources
1.5 Building resilience to environmental, economic, and social disasters
1.a Mobilization of resources to end poverty
1.b Establishment of poverty eradication policy frameworks at all level
In 2015 more than 10 percent of the world population lived below the poverty line. Employment is not always the solution to poverty. In 2019, 7.1 of the employed workforce lived in extreme poverty. The barriers that prevent people from being productive are presumed to be the root cause of poverty. The reduction of poverty increases social protection. If the SDG-1 is achieved, nations will enjoy equality, social protection, and an overall increase in living standards.
GOAL-2 ZERO HUNGER
In 2019, around 2 billion people did not have regular access to safe nutritious sufficient food. The SDG-2 aims to eradicate hunger, achieve food security, and promote sustainable agriculture. SDG-1 expects to ensure nutritious and sufficient food availability throughout the year to all the people around the world. It also expects to remove malnutrition. It aims on doubling agricultural productivity, ensuring sustainable food production systems and resilient agricultural practices by 2030. It urges nations to make policy reforms for increasing food security. The key targets of SDG-2 are-
2.1: Ensuring universal access to safe and nutritious food
2.2: Ending all forms of malnutrition
2.3: Doubling the productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers
2.4: Promoting sustainable food production and resilient agricultural practices
2.5: Maintaining the genetic diversity in food production
2.a: Investing in rural infrastructure, agricultural research, technology, and gene banks
2.b: Preventing agricultural trade restrictions, market distortions, and export subsidies
2.c. Ensuring stable food commodity markets and timely access to information
Research shows that if the current trends of the scarcity of food continue, more than 840 million people will go hungry by 2030. The hunger problem remains one of the greatest mysteries of all time. Billions of dollars are invested every year but it’s proving not to be enough. Only a collective approach among the nations can help to remove hunger. If SDG-2 is achieved, it will be the inception of a new era for humanity.
Sustainable Development Goals are considered one of the most effective approaches ever taken addressing global problems and solutions. SDGs are globally collaborative and along with the governments, SDGs require the private firms to conform to these goals. SDGs are expected to be achieved by 2030. COVID-19 has surely inhibited progress, even worsened some but if despite all these barriers we can achieve the goals, it will set a paradigm for generations to come that – Together we can combat the toughest of problems and make the world a better place.